there is a knock on the door
dad is calling me with his stingy box in hand
the colorless clear air burns my liver
I quaver till I see the the sun rising
glassy eyes; getting harder to focus on the rod
noticing the wake-up hour of the nature
all streching; the trees, the birds, the fishes
till their eyelashes touch my bait
sitting on the cold rock
moves my stomache
no one around, just some mosquitos
who do not have desire for blood
the stillness of the surface does not change
and you get heavier gradually
turning back home with 1-2 fish
more sleep than fish in mind
when you wake up there
not much room to move your privacy
2 rooms, 1 kitchen and the toilet
however, I could get stuck with happiness
no cafe to go, no library to study, nothing
other than people with everlasting smiles
the only hobby I could do easily
just to gather “precious” stones
I used to wash them again and again
after 120 months I am 21 now
with a less colorful dress
I am visiting my once-little village
and the curtains of my home differ
even if the smiles around are the same…
Inspired by a true life story, Seven Years in Tibet is a wonderful film which can be classified as adventure, drama, biography, war film in terms of genre. The story focuses on two heroes; Heinrick Harren (Brad Bitt), an Australian mountain climber and Dalai Lama, the spiritual leader, the god of Tibetans. The diverse subjects it includes may divert attention to different points; however, the main concept of the movie rather seems the juxtaposition of east and west and what happens to a westerner when he purifies himself through the path which goes all along till it reaches Lhasa, the holy land of Buddhism like the outcome of the encounter of these two different world view.
Heinrick starts his voyage as to achieve his dream about climbing the peak of a mountain. While he is so determined about his goal, he fulfills the role of the hero in Drama by saving one of his collogues with a hurt leg. He does not seem content with the life he is exposed as he exemplifies somebody to be pitied on with his loneliness in a crowd. When they are captured by English soldiers around Indian Territory, he is retired from his role as the hero for a certain time in which he collects all sorrow which he is able to like the confinement, the loneliness and the letter of divorce from his wife. After long tries, they could escape from the place and the only land they can head towards is Tibet due to the war which is getting more serious through the time. Even if Henrick does not like the man, Peter Aufschnaiter, ( David Thewlis) he has protected from falling from the mountain, they are all together during the holy trip. Experiencing different handicaps like the native people trying to confine them or the Tibetans who do not want to accept them as they are foreigners turns these two people into two westerners who start to understand the eastern mind. In Tibet, the test of Heinrick is carried on, his heroism gets back with the cold face of loneliness he feels when the tailor also chooses Peter. Here, I associate the situation of the hero with the prophethood. When God chooses the caliph, he first takes all of his protectors, friends and beloveds. If the person keeps going on holding to his patience then God lets the purity of the revelation sit in his heart. The only person who shares the “yellow headed” character’s loneliness as he is called such by Dalai Lama is the God of the Tibetans, Dalai Lama, himself.
The other vantage is from the easterner with the omnipotent symbolization of Dalai Lama when he looks through the telescope to the people especially the counter hero of the “other”, Heinrick. Through the exile of Heinrick, there appear some scenes in which we encounter the physical maturation of the Lama at that side. Peter can also be another tiny hero in his own limits because the horizon he builds for his goals largely differs from Heinrick and he achieves all his goals of his tiny heroic circle which includes the marriage to the tailor. While Peter is taking the girl, Heinrick is able to be the close friend for Dalai Lama like a replacement of his own son whom he could never meet due to being stuck in Far East. Dalai Lama tries to get the insight of the hero with passionate questions and even asks him to build a cinema. During that process, there are some specific events like workers all trying to gather worms from the soil and placing them at safe places as they can be spirits of their father or grandmother in accordance with their belief system. At that point, Lama says “We never hurt anything alive” which pinpoints their world view far away to the understanding of a westerner. And also the tailor helps us see the differences between these two cultures like she talks about a man who is appreciated because he leaves his ego beyond whereas the westerners try to reach the peak within a huge proud. And the place nature holds also differs in both like it is something to be fought against for western people on the other hand, it is something to be respected for the easterners.
The theory of Buddhism called Yin Yang is also to be mentioned here as to clarify the role of the unexpected deceit a minister or a secretary in the ministry commits. Initially, it is no more than an attack from the inside; however, in the philosophy of Yin Yang there is always light in the dark and vice versa. Therefore, there is always a possibility to face glory or a deceit throughout the life at any time like Heinrick once left his wife in Germany reckoning that his friend would take care of her. The outcome of friendship does not always mean that there exists sincerity; therefore the friend he left with his wife turns out to be the father of his child in the end. The harmony in eastern world also helps these people to be calm enough to accept all black points in the Yin Yang including the acceptance of the power of nature, which Heinrick also learned at the end of the story.
The way Brad Bitt acts, the way he is clothed and the way he put on his make-up have a fascinating effect on the movie. The physical change and how it really matches with his child-like handsome face eases the audience to believe the purification of the hero. With the failures and the hopeless facial gestures afterwards, Bitt enables a lively atmosphere like experiencing a real change in him with the clue of deepening eyes, strengthened patience and other features of him. The movie is really worth watching even if there left some black points in my mind like how Heinrick could be able to get that much closer to Dalai Lama…
The Great Gatsby is a well-known masterpiece of F. Scott Fitzgerald representing the American hue of its time mainly focusing on the ramifications of Roaring 20’s. The book and the movie both share the ideology of the time depicting the fatal properties of the so called American dream. However, it is evident that these two media differ in terms of drawing the attention of the audience/the reader. While the book starts with the crucial advice Nick Caraway’s father gave which would probably help the book weakening the possible criticism it would get after being published because it already highlights the hypocrite social circle, corrupted family association and the source of the rapid riches of the time in a sharp way, the film seems largely focusing on the love affair of Gay Gatsby preparing the minds for the clear romance they are going to watch. Furthermore, the audience would encounter some modifications on the plot like the story starting from the half with clear implications about the end and also the audience would not need to read between the lines but they are given notable clues about the essence of the events.
With the first scene, the film immediately unfolds the story of Gatsby and foreshadows the core of the future events thanks to the love song whose lyrics overlaps with the plot in a quite extend and also the perspective focusing on the photo of Daisy mainly in a local newspaper and also some of them in a room. While Fitzgerald seems to care much about the atmosphere he should create as to place the plot in a proper way, the film aims at the attention from the audience clarifying the hidden insight of Gatsby much quicker than the book. That might be due to the different media they use because it is easier to tell many things at one time by a scene in which the background of the place, some dialogs, a piece of song and the movements of the characters (gestures, body language) could be included simultaneously.
As the story goes on, it is notable that we do not hear much from Tom; his insight. The point of view rather turns into an omniscient one, the story does not aim at clarifying the mind of Tom but it puts the audience at the centre instead. Due to the change in Tom’s role, he does not have to question all the things he encounters; he does not really have to be the bright one. When it comes to Gatsby, he is more handsome than expected like the extremely opposite character of Daisy’s husband; Tom. That might be helpful to fulfill the place of the hero he supposed to be. He is not the shy one anymore asking to the point question to Daisy even before he invited her family to join the party he is going to give. Here we encounter some other changes throughout the plot like the lovers (Daisy and Gatsby) are more direct to each other explaining why their life is the way it is. While Gatsby talks about his life before their second meeting with Daisy, how he has struggled as to reach; to get her back, Daisy explains why and how she has chosen Tom in a linear way. The dialogs are clearer in the movie, though, like Daisy crying out “Rich girls do not marry with poor boys, don’t you know that Jay”? Daisy is more conscious about her mistakes and she knows everything Tom does in a way just trying to be blind as to keep up with that modern life of America. There have been some changes also as to make the scenes more romantic like the promise of Daisy to tell Tom what is going on between the lovers. The lovers also wear their old clothes as to create a nostalgia in which they could deceive themselves about getting back the time they already lost. The only flashback happens through the dance which is placed in a different setting and the conversation in the book, though.
Even if there are some changes in the movie, the aim of creating the realistic American life of roaring 20’s never changes, even the differences between the movie and the book deepen the depiction of the society. There are two scenes about which some words are needed to be spoken. The first is the dancing woman whose stockings goes down which is not a disturbing thing for her. That would probably symbolize the corruption of America and the unconscious acceptance of the process. People no longer feel the pressure of the religion or better we say the pressure of the society. The latter scene to be analyzed is the one in which the perspective moves on two girls wearing the same clothes and the same make-up looking at each other with passionate eyes. The producer tries to draw the extreme line of American people/their life. The flow of their American stream goes beyond the norms breaking even the borders of gender; ramifications like Lesbianism and Gayness.
Symbolism could be used in both media, yet it differs in terms of the style and the effects it brings about. For example, the focus on the advertisement called as The Eyes of Doctor T. J. Eckleburg enables the reader get the notion of the change in American society from religion (Mr. Wilson) or any kind of belief system to science/ technology and industry (Tom or Gatsby) in the movie and there are many occasions referring to that commercial. Therefore it is easier to realize the link thanks to the visional aid of movies. The item or even the dialog could be the same in both; however, the effects get profound in the movie, which does not always have positive aspects. While the symbols become clearer and deeply affective, the creativity or the imagination of the audience suffers in a great deal and the vitality of the symbolic action vanishes leaving a clear path for the audience to follow, though. For example, Mrs. Wilson tries to shout at Tom, while he is getting the car filled. She is not able to make her voice heard. Afterwards she gets very nervous and starts to hit the window till the glass gets broken leaving her hand in blood. That foreshadows the future miserable death of the woman and her end cannot be helped even if Tom is also there. With such romantic and deeply condensed scenes in terms of emotion, the film cannot go beyond the borders of Romance. In conclusion, The Great Gatsby is like an ill story of lovers in an individualistic circle, while it is more embracing not only a whole American society but also the American dream rooted in the base structure when it comes to the book.
Robert Lowell is a crucial poet having his own voice which generally pinpoints itself from one poem to the other in a clear way. As he already clarifies the writing process in his essay, the common stimuli urging him to write is the things he is obsessed with like the idea of getting older (especially age 40), the modern but confined life of the individual (prisons, jails, pens), that confinement bringing loneliness, lack of familiar places like a sweet home within itself and lastly the colors which have quite an important but commonly negative effect on the mood (like blue in general). The resemblance between human beings and animals (generally mammals) is recognizable; he gives plenty of examples from seal to bird. In terms of the form, he writes in free verse and avoiding traditional poetry he does not finish the sentence in one verse and start with a bold letter at the head of the next one. He generally shifts between different vantages and it turns out to be the “I” in the end like the crucial place of being an individual in modernity. The words he uses do not differ much from one poem to the other, the emphasis is generally age, color, animals, children; however, there is a quite different style of him when it comes to the origins of the words he uses. They emerge from Persian, Arabic and sometimes French without any limitation.
Lowell is very creative even if he is stuck in the age 40’s because he never tells something in a familiar way, sometimes talking about forties, sometimes you should really count the time and play with the numbers like three months or thirteen weeks as in Home after Three Months, or as he talks about his age referring it as the half of his weight which is two hundred pounds in Waking in the Blue. While talking about his age he also works on the ideology of the man in forties which is assisted by words or chunks such as “old-fashioned tirade”, “old-timers”, “cannot loiter- -like a bear”. Through the usage of these words, he shows how old people stand at the centre of changes, even if they used to be the cool or the fit one at their own time, which does not work anymore. Even if there is a possibility to have more spare time, the habits of them does not let them free as to act like a child; relaxed and free. These phrases can be traced in all his four poems expected to be analyzed.
Lowell tries to draw attention to the governmental concepts like hospitals, jails, pens and how they are imposed on the individuals as to cure or purify(punish better we say) them after altering their peaceful soul with the impact of war, depressive monotonous modern life and stressful soul demanding working life in the industrial circle. The hero of the poem cannot wake up from the lethargy of the life till he gets shock either by being put in a hospital for “mentally ill” whose condition would actually add more illness to the patient than healing him with its Victorian plumbed urinous tub or by being thrown into jail in which there are some recovery sessions or the fears in the minds of the dwellers like an electric chair. Even if the person can get out of the pen he is put in by generally the state or its institutions, he no longer feels the same. Some call him as cured no matter how “stale”, “frizzled” and “small” he feels as it exemplified in Man and Wife.
The concept; color has a significant place in Lowell’s poetry like it already has an important place in our daily life. When somebody gets ill, the change in his natural color of skin generally inevitable, or when the season transfers the first thing we can get the clue of is the color itself. The color is the clearest way of noticing the change in the surrounding or within you. The age, the illness, the season can be understood by the help of it and in an abstract way, it is also accepted as one of the features of the mood like we associate blue with depression and brown with (khaki tenements) old and casualness. The writer makes the most of it all through his verses leaving his hue on the narration.
There is a highly noticeable link between human and animals or he aims at showing such. What he tries to focus on is the unconscious way animals live their life under all different conditions but with the same “logic” and that is the same with modern people, the people who is under the pressure of others’ decisions over him like the pen he is put in the way an animal is placed inside a fence. They do not have any freedom even the razors they own is taken from them and locked. No freedom in life, no freedom in mind; they cannot even decide to die no matter how much they want to end their own life. The writer seems to be inspired by the ideology of Post-structuralists like Michel Foucault and his “panoptic state”, “modern prisons like school, hospital, courts” under the protection of repressive government, people are no more free they are rather inside the bars of modernity.
When it comes to the common forms he uses in his poetry, the free verse as a concept leads the process. He does not want to “confine” himself in the creation process of the sentences which would comprise the poem. As a freedom-seeker which would also be understood from his content, he even does not try to complete the meaning in a verse. The fragmentation of the individual could be symbolized in that way. He is also flexible about punctuation easing his process of breaking the verse in half and put what remains in the following one.
In terms of the point of view, there is always a movement between the vantage points and that is generally from him/her to us then to I in the end. Even if that style seems like a certain style that deepens and hardens the meaning in a way it also enables him to give different perspectives of things in a rapid way enlarging the audience he aims at. Here it is necessary to mention the discourse the person carries with him which would adapt the society, the home or the personal life in different ways. All of his poems are easy to analyze thanks to the post-structuralism/ post-modernism and the terms they have formed which can be a hint showing how Lowell is also affected by those theories or analytic approaches. The focus in his poetry emerges at the point he starts to use “I” like placing himself in the crowd, he uses his own voice with his own alter ego there.
The choice of the words he uses in his works does not differ in a great deal that might be due to his having contents quite close one to the other such as age, depression and limited life circle. These are the main topics he uses in poetry; however, he is very broad-minded in terms of the origins of the words, itself. He is not a nationalist writer borrowing words from all western (French) and also eastern (Persian, Arabic) origin. In that way, he can symbolize the global closeness of the societies and by the help of that style he can also go beyond the borders of America turning his poems into universal phenomena.
There are two kinds of people in the earth
One like me if there is any and the other like all you
That’s why; No matter how hard I try I cannot get your mind
The 20th century of the hungry world, at least my lovely surrounding
I am not immature enough to get deceived by your fake guns
Not liable to have a good mood just by your gun-like smile
There used to be healthy worms crawling over the earth
There used to be tiny spiders over the lake with a huge smile
I used to try to save them from getting drown in my naïve mind
Holding them on my hands, I was intruding to their life, without guns
When I discovered that was their life style in their familiar surrounding
I stopped protecting them rather feeling vulnerable against all you
I am no more a child; need to have plans in the mind
No more heroism no more wandering wearing a shiny smile
If you do not get benefit you turn into a cold stony surrounding
Walking over the bricks murdering the once-free earth
Watch out!!! That concrete will not stop till it reaches you
Try to mason your soul ignoring atomic bombs, new-brand guns
You are no more a human placed in the untouched earth
Both get filthy inside and outside, a dirty kind, a dirty mind.
Do not try to keep up with the currency; do not copy the ones around you
Why I am expected to read that, write that, study that even if it kills my smile
trying to emerge from the past. Me? Financially poor, culturally rich surrounding.
Me?The one who carries on the customs of a child with my mouth like-guns.
Does adulthood mean that you block your mind?
When your boss could not keep the wig from falling, you cannot smile?
Ever felt lonely catching someone laughing after you born in the same surrounding?
Open the door of the toilet with a tissue (especially at a plane) to avoid the metal shocking you
You cannot play with mud, cannot touch the soil, no longer walking over the earth.
Unless you are in paint ball paying your artificiality, no longer hold a gun.
After watching creatures around me hard not to think of me as an old-minded
girl trying to breathe in her own familiar but sharp surrounding.
We all know what life is, right? However, I do not know what emotion it brings to you.
Life is meaningless to me till you create a meaning in that earth
some with science some technology some with religion some with guns
Whatever you chose there are means to your aim, you do not need to kill the soul,just smile.
Getting older some say to me; fed up with analyzing; cannot change your surroundings.
You go your way I won’t wear any mask, no matter how you color it.
That sounds schizophrenic? My world is in my mind.